Trident ETH501 full course (discussions + cases & slps) - 2016

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Dated: 17th May'17 02:48 AM
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Module 1 discussion

Academic Honesty

By way of introduction to the Discussions, you are expected to respond to a question posed by your professor (this is your “initial” post). Then, you are required to respond to the posts of your classmates (these are referred to as your “response” postings). These posts should be with as much depth as possible (note that "I agree!" does not count as a credible follow-up posting)!

In the Module 1 Discussion, we will be discussing academic integrity.

Required Reading and Exercise

Prior to completion of the written Module 1 assignment, please complete the following seven steps:

Begin by reviewing the TUI academic integrity policy. (2015). Retrieved from http://www.trident.edu/Media/Default/Catalogs/Policy-Handbook_2014-2015.pdf

Go to the following site, and complete the pre-test:

http://lib.usm.edu/legacy/plag/plagiarismtutorial.php Please do not send your score to your instructor (do not complete the box entitled “Your Instructor’s Email”). However, keep your pre-test score, so that you can compare it to your post-test score.

After you have responded to the 10 items, please complete the follow-up boxes:

Your School, Organization, etc. (required):

Your Name (required):

Your E-mail (required):

Confirm Your E-mail (required):

Your Instructor's E-mail (optional):

You will receive your corrected responses (and total score) by e-mail. Keep this information so that you can compare your pre-test and post-test scores.

Complete the tutorial. Don’t forget to keep notes as you proceed through the tutorial, and be sure that you keep track of how well you did on Quizzes 1 and 2.

Complete the post-test.

Assignment

Week 1

Complete a candid self-assessment of your performance on the pre- and post-tests. You are not required to report your scores, but be sure to discuss whether or not your performance improved from the pre-test to the post-test.

In what area or areas did you have misunderstandings, if any?

Week 2

Why might students choose to plagiarize?

What are the adverse consequences of plagiarism (fear and worry of being caught, shame, dishonor, failing an assignment, possibility of failing the course)? Discuss!

Module 2 discussion

Virtue Ethics in Organizations

Jim Smith has worked for the ABC Insurance Company for the past twenty-three years. Jim graduated with a top-notch accounting degree and he also has his MBA. Bar none, Jim is considered by everyone in his organization to be a brilliant accountant. At issue is that Jim's brilliance may be coupled with just a little too much "creativity" when one considers his approach to maximizing the company's profits.

At the end of every quarter, Jim calls up the supervisors of each of ABC's insurance branches, and asks them to estimate their outstanding insurance claims. These insurance claims represent money that the company very likely owes its customers – i.e., claims are estimates of money owed at the end of the quarter to ABC's customers who are likely to file a claim in the near future, but who have not yet done so (the total money owed - but still outstanding - is referred to as a "claims lag", since there is a lag from the date on which an insurable event has occurred to that point in time at which ABC has become aware that a customer has filed a valid claim).

For instance, based on historical experience, at the end of each quarter, Division 1 of ABC Company estimates that 20% of all claims for that quarter are still outstanding (i.e., an insurable event has occurred, but has not yet been reported to Division 1). This is the number (20%) reported to Jim. Being the "brilliant" accountant that he is, and in light of his sheer eagerness to maximize profits for the quarter (and because his quarterly bonus is based on each quarter's profits!), Jim reduces the outstanding claims reported by all of ABC's insurance divisions by 10%. In doing so, Jim has effectively reduced the company's quarterly claims expenses by this same 10% --- and voila! -- Jim has also managed a creative increase in his own quarterly bonus.

As you might guess, Jim sees nothing wrong in further reducing the divisions' company claims estimates, reasoning: "Look...they're all a bunch of estimates anyhow!" Jim further opines: "Besides, I have a duty to this company and to its stockholders - and that is to maximize profits!"

Consider this situation from a virtue ethics perspective. What virtues are at stake?

Module 3 discussion

Utility Ethics in Organizations

Week 1

John is a warehouse supervisor who works for a national company that sells high-quality (and very expensive) electronics - e.g., HD television sets, business and home computers, and business and personal laptops. John has a high school education, and has been employed by the company for 10 years. Recently, John was promoted to an exempt (salaried) low-level management position; his present annual salary is $60,000. Over the past two months, John has been stealing HD television sets from his employer - and reselling them. To date, he has stolen $15,000 in merchandise. When John's wife – Jane – takes note of the rapid growth in the family's savings account, she asks John about the source of the money. John's astonished response is: "Jane! Are you kidding? Consider the extra money as a company bonus -- well, it’s sort of a bonus anyway….Look, Jane, while I make better money than I used to, it's not enough compensation for all the stuff I do. This company can afford to pay me far more than what they pay – and they choose not to. The way I look at it, I’ve earned this extra money! It's a well-deserved and hard-earned bonus, Jane. You know that we can barely pay our bills. I'm doing what is best for our family! I have to do what I think is best for my family, even if I know it might be wrong!"

What are the utility ethics raised in this situation? Be specific!

Week 2

Suppose that a jet mechanic working for a major airline – we'll call the airline "AirXYZ" – finds a serious instrument wiring problem while inspecting one of the airline’s newest jets. The mechanic alerts management that the wiring problem is serious enough that it would cause the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) to ground the entire fleet of AirXYZ.

Discuss the ethics of this situation in the context of utility ethics. What are the benefits and the costs to AirXYZ in choosing to notify the FAA and in opting to voluntarily ground its fleet of planes?

Module 4 discussion

Duty Ethics

You are an expert security software programmer who works in top secret for the national government of the country of Zulu. Late one afternoon, you come across an ominous email in which you learn that a small group of sinister government officials from Zulu plan - in exactly one hour - to unleash a nuclear attack on the neighboring country of Delta. It happens that this very same group of officials is at odds with the neighboring country because of vastly different political and economic views. The bottom line? You are aware that if this missile is launched, the event will spawn World War III.

Because you are the only person in the country of Zulu who has knowledge of the specific program code that will be used to trigger this devastating missile launch, you alone are the one individual who has the capacity to de-program the event -- i.e., you could choose to cancel the launch altogether, or you could otherwise divert the nuclear missile to a neutral zone. In short, millions of innocent lives are now in your hands.

However, you adhere strictly to duty ethics (referred to as a “deontologist”). On the day that you assumed your role as a top-secret national security programmer, you took a solemn oath swearing that you would never intervene in any government action, no matter its consequences. In short, your duty is limited to software programming -- and to programming alone. Indeed, your oath entails that you have an explicit duty never to make a decision that extends beyond your software programming role. Moreover, you are sworn never to discuss your programs with any other human being - except for communication that may be required with a limited number of superiors. On any given day, these few superiors of yours are easily found somewhere in the building. But alas! On this day, you are unable to find even one superior for advice (are they perhaps bound and gagged somewhere in this massive building?).

Week 1:

What would a strict deontologist do? Why?

To whom or to what is your duty? This is not an easy question...but it is also what makes duty ethics so much fun!

Week 2:

What would Immanuel Kant's “Categorical Imperative” suggest you do here?

In this situation, would duty ethics be at odds with the thinking of Immanuel Kant? Explain.

Module 4 reflective discussion

Which of the three ethics theories we studied in this course (utility, virtue, or duty ethics) do you think ring most true for students who are enrolled in graduate business programs? Why?

Module 1 case

Case Assignment

PART A: Books

Go to the library, find the following books, and provide the information requested:

Ronald R. Sims. Authored in 2002. Publisher is “Greenwood Publishing Group.” Title: Teaching Business Ethics for Effective Learning. City of publication is Westport, CT. Book available found in the EBSCO ebook Academic Collection.

What is the proper end reference – using APA Style – for this book?

What is the title of Chapter 8?

Provide the first sentence under the “Introduction” section of Chapter 3 (page 33). Then, using proper APA Style, cite this sentence in-text as a direct quotation.

Go to Chapter 4. Paraphrase the first paragraph under the “Introduction” section (page 59). Be sure to include the proper (APA) in-text citation, e.g., Sims (2009) claims…

Title of book is Business Ethics. Author is Chris Moon. The book was published in 2001; published in London by Profile Books Ltd. This is an e-book, retrieved from EBSCO ebook Academic Collection.

What is the proper APA Style end reference for this book?

What is the title of Chapter 8?

Provide the second sentence of Chapter 1 (“These forces are…”). Then, using proper APA Style, cite this sentence in-text as a direct quotation.

Go to Chapter 5. Paraphrase the first paragraph (“Today's business leaders can find themselves squeezed by a pincer of pressures …”. Be sure to include the proper (APA) in-text citation.

PART B: Journal Articles

Go to the library, and locate the following journal articles:

Kaptein is the author of this 2009 article entitled “FRom Inaction to External whistleBlowing: The Influence of the ETHICAL culture of Organizations ON employee Responses to observed Wrongdoing. Published in 2009. Found in the Journal OF BusinesS eTHics. Volume number 98, and Issue # 3. Article found on pages 513-530. Retrieved from ProQuest.

What is the proper end reference – using APA Style – for this journal article?

Provide the first sentence in the first paragraph under the “Ethical culture” section on page 515, and cite this sentence (in-text) as a direct quotation.

Is this journal a scholarly one? How do you know?

Phil Harris is the author of this 2009 article entitled: “PuBLic AFFairs, Good business etHics and values in DARk tiMEs. Found in the JourNAl of Public AffaiRs. Issue #2, Volume number 9, pages 83-85. Retrieved from EBSCO Academic SEARCH ComPlete.

What is the proper end reference – using APA Style – for this journal article?

Provide the second sentence in the first paragraph (“As public affairs practitioners…” and cite this sentence (in-text) as a direct quotation.

Is this journal a scholarly one? How do you know?

O'Boyle & SaNDona are the authors of this 2014 article entitled “Teaching business Ethics through Popular feATure Films: An experIENtial APPrOach.” Found on pages 329-340 in the“Journal of business EthiCS.” Retrieved from EBSCO – Business soUrce CompletE. Volume number 121; Issue number 3.

Using APA Style, provide the end reference for this article.

Provide the first sentence under the “Introduction” section, and cite in-text using proper APA Style.

Is this a scholarly journal? How do you know?

Part C: Electronic Sources (e.g., Websites)

1) Using the format provided below, give the proper APA end reference for this 2016 Investopedia.com article authored by Alison L. Deutsch:

Alison L. Deutsch, author. Website is Investopedia.com. Article title is How low CAN oil PRIces Go? Dated 2016 (no month and day provided). Retrieved from http://www.investopedia.com/articles/active-trading/042915/how-low-can-oil-prices-go.asp

Format:

Last name, first initial. (YYYY, MM DD). Title of article. Name of website. Retrieved from [URL].

Example:

Bailey, S. (2013, May 15). Business leaders beware: Ethic drift makes standards slip. Forbes. Retrieved from http://www.forbes.com/sites/sebastianbailey/2013/05/15/business- leaders-beware-ethical-drift-makes-standards-slip/

Keys to the Assignment

The key aspects of this assignment that should be covered in your paper include the following:

Be sure that you answer all parts of the assignment.

Number each question before responding. For example:

Part A

1a.

1b.

1c.

1d.

2a.

Etc. etc.

Don’t forget to include a Cover Page with your assignment!

Optional

This site may provide useful information on APA as well:

Style guides: APA style guide. (n.d.). University of Southern Mississippi. Retrieved from http://www.lib.usm.edu/help/style_guides/apa.html

Module 1 SLP

Assignment

Complete the Sample SLP using The Student Guide to Writing a High Quality Academic Paper.

Keys to the Assignment

Download the Module 1 SLP – Formatting Exercise paper. Then, using The Student Guide to Writing a High Quality Academic Paper as a guide, do the following:

Complete the Cover Page.

After you have read the paper, write an introductory paragraph.

Insert appropriate titled section heading where requested.

Provide in-text citations where requested.

Write a concluding paragraph.

Properly format your end references, placing them in the correct sequence.

Be sure to look for other formatting errors not noted above!

Save your completed paper, and upload your assignment before the due date.

Optional Reading

APA Sample Paper. (2015). Purdue OWL. Retrieved from https://owl.english.purdue.edu/media/pdf/20090212013008_560.pdf

Module 2 - Case

VIRTUE ETHICS

Assignment Overview

In the Module 2 Case, you will be applying virtue ethics to the Mattel case.

Required Reading

Part 1: Critical Thinking

Before you begin to write up your Case, let’s consider what is meant by “critical thinking.” Critical thinking is one of the five key rubric criteria by which your assignments are graded. Therefore, it is required that you demonstrate evidence of critical thinking in all assignments. For an overview of critical thinking, read the following very carefully:

Kurland, D. (2000). What is critical thinking? Critical Reading. Retrieved from http://www.criticalreading.com/critical_thinking.htm

Next, review the Critical Thinking Skills chart at the following site. This is an excellent visual synopsis of the various components of critical thinking. Note the questions that are associated with each element of critical thinking

A must have chart featuring critical thinking skills. (2014). Educational Technology and Mobile Learning. Retrieved from http://www.educatorstechnology.com/2013/05/a-must-have-chart-featuring-critical.html

Part 2: Virtue Ethics

Visit the library, and locate the following article:

Sethi, S., Veral, E., Shapiro, H., & Emelianova, O. (2011). Mattel, Inc.: Global manufacturing principles (GMP) - A life-cycle analysis of a company-based code of conduct in the toy industry. Journal of Business Ethics, 99(4), 483-517. Retrieved from ProQuest.

Case Assignment

In a well-written 4- to 5-page paper, discuss how three virtues apply to the Mattel case.

Keys to the Assignment

Choose three virtues (e.g., justice, fairness, integrity, courage, honor, truthfulness, etc.), and define each using a reputable online dictionary (e.g., http://www.merriam-webster.com/).

Using a section heading for discussion of each of your chosen virtues, discuss how each virtue applies to some ethical issue raised by the Mattel case. For example, you might describe how the virtue you have selected might have been used to more appropriately guide the actions, behaviors, and/or policies of the company (e.g., you may choose to discuss the company's working conditions, worker safety, company fairness, or Mattel’s attitudes towards the environment).

Be sure to use at least two sources from the library to support your discussion and analysis (choose sources that are not included in the Background section of Module 2).

Follow The Student Guide to Writing a High Quality Academic Paper guide.

Don’t forget to properly cite your sources – both in-text and as end references!

You are expected to demonstrate evidence of critical thinking – as defined in the background materials of Module 2 and the grading rubric.

Be sure to organize your Module 2 Case using the Module 2 Case Format document.

Module 2 SLP

VIRTUE ETHICS

In Module 2 SLP, you will locate a scholarly article related to Corporate Social Responsibility in the library. Then, you will write a 2- to 3-page paper, in which you will summarize the article, and state why the article is an important contribution to the idea of Corporate Social Responsibility (or CSR).

Required Reading

Refer to the Background section of Module 2 for required and optional readings.

Assignment

In a well-written, 2- to 3-page paper, evaluate a scholarly article related to CSR, and discuss the merit of the article for today’s organizations.

Keys to the Assignment

Visit the library, and find a scholarly article related to Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR).

In 1-2 paragraphs, define what is meant by CSR.

Briefly summarize the article (1-2 paragraphs).

Discuss the contribution of the article to our knowledge of CSR – i.e., discuss why the article is important to our understanding of CSR. In short, why does this article matter?

Be sure to use at least one additional source from the library (other than your chosen article) to support your discussion and analysis (choose a source that is not included in the Background section of Module 2).

Follow the guidelines in The Student Guide to Writing a High Quality Academic Paper

You are expected to demonstrate evidence of critical thinking – as defined in the Module 2 background materials and the grading rubric.

Save your completed paper, and upload your assignment before the due date.

Module 3 case

UTILITY ETHICS

Assignment Overview

In the Module 3 Case, we will use the Utility Test to inform our understanding of the Mattel case study.

Required Reading

Visit the library, and locate the following article:

Sethi, S., Veral, E., Shapiro, H., & Emelianova, O. (2011). Mattel, Inc.: Global manufacturing principles (GMP) - A life-cycle analysis of a company-based code of conduct in the toy industry. Journal of Business Ethics, 99(4), 483-517. Retrieved from ProQuest.

Case Assignment

In a well-written, 4- to 5-page paper, apply the Utility Test to the Mattel case study.

Keys to the Assignment

Choose an ethical issue raised by the Mattel case study (e.g., you might choose to analyze Mattel’s treatment of employees).

Apply the Utility Test: http://ethicsops.com/UtilityTest.php

Be sure that you follow each step of the Utility Test (use a separate section heading for discussion of each step of the test):

Introduce the test.

Briefly discuss why utility ethics is a valid way of deciding right and wrong.

Apply the test

Step 1: Identify the alternative actions that are possible and the persons and groups (the stakeholders) who will be affected by these actions.

Step 2: For each of the most promising alternatives, determine the benefits and costs to each person or group affected.

Step 3: Select the action in the current situation that produces the greatest benefits over costs for all affected.

Step 4: Discuss what would happen if the action were a policy for all similar situations.

Draw a conclusion. If the same action is selected in Steps 3 & 4, then the action is an ethical one. If different actions are selected, decide whether the individual action will produce the greatest good and the least harm, for all affected, over the long term.

Be sure to use at least two sources from the library to support your discussion and analysis (choose sources that are not included in the Background section of Module 3).

Follow the guidelines in The Student Guide to Writing a High Quality Academic Paper.

You are expected to demonstrate evidence of critical thinking – as defined in the background materials and the grading rubric.

Module 3 SLP

UTILITY ETHICS

In the Module 3 SLP, you will choose an organization with which you are familiar, and you will write a 2- to 3-page paper, in which you discuss the extent to which your organization embraces Corporate Social Responsibility (or CSR).

Required Reading

Read the following article, which provides examples of socially responsible companies (this website includes a number of quite excellent articles pertaining to the merits of CSR). You may also want to explore the optional readings provided below, as they may be useful to your understanding of CSR:

Fallon, N. (2014, December 4). 20 great examples of socially responsible businesses. Business News Daily. Retrieved from http://www.businessnewsdaily.com/5499-examples-socially-responsible-businesses.html

Assignment

In a well-written, 2- to 3-page paper, discuss the extent to which an organization with which you are familiar pursues CSR.

Keys to the Assignment

In 1-2 paragraphs, describe your organization – what it does, how many employees, how much revenue, etc.

Select some aspect of CSR, and discuss how your organization employs CSR in its operations.

What are the specific advantages to your company in its use of CSR?

If your company does not presently pursue a form of CSR, please identify a specific CSR practice (e.g., environmental consciousness, community welfare, etc.) from which your company would benefit.

Be sure to use at least two sources from the library to support your discussion and analysis (choose sources that are not included in the Background section of this module).

Follow the guidelines in The Student Guide to Writing a High Quality Academic Paper

You are expected to demonstrate evidence of critical thinking – as defined in the Module 2 background materials and the grading rubric.

Save your completed paper, and upload your assignment before the due date.

SLP Assignment Expectations

Your paper will be evaluated using the grading rubric.

Optional Reading

The following resources provide a very good overview of CSR, and how companies use CSR initiatives to increased the organization’s effectiveness:

2014 corporate social responsibility report (2014). Hershey Company. Retrieved from http://www.thehersheycompany.com/social-responsibility/shared-goodness/goodbusiness

Corporate social responsibility. (2013). International Institute for Sustainable Development. Retrieved from https://www.iisd.org/business/issues/sr.aspx

Module 4 case

DUTY ETHICS

Assignment Overview

In the Module 4 Case, you will be applying duty ethics to the Mattel case.

Required Reading

Sethi, S., Veral, E., Shapiro, H., & Emelianova, O. (2011). Mattel, Inc.: Global manufacturing principles (GMP) - A life-cycle analysis of a company-based code of conduct in the toy industry. Journal of Business Ethics, 99(4), 483-517. Retrieved from ProQuest.

Case Assignment

In a well-written, 4- to 5-page paper (not including cover and reference pages), apply Duty Ethics to the Mattel case study.

Briefly (1-2 paragraphs) describe what is meant by duty ethics.

Choose two ethical issues raised by the Mattel case (e.g., Mattel’s treatment of company employees would be a good choice of ethical issues).

Apply duty ethics to your two Step 2 choices. How does use of duty ethics as a lens inform the ethical nature of your two choices? Remember that duty ethics concerns duty and rights, so be sure to address both in your written analysis.

Be sure to include at least two sources from the library to support your discussion and analysis.

Be sure that you properly cite your sources using proper APA style, and use proper in-text citations.

Follow the guidelines in The Student Guide to Writing a High Quality Academic Paper

You are expected to demonstrate evidence of critical thinking – as defined in the Module 2 background materials and the grading rubric.

Module 4 SLP

DUTY ETHICS

CSR

By now, you should be very familiar with the Mattel case. In the Module 4 SLP, we will evaluate the Mattel case study in the context of Corporate Social Responsibility. Specifically, socially responsible organizations behave in certain ethical ways. Socially responsible organizations tend to go above and beyond the rules, mores, and expectations that have been established (and that are expected to be adhered to) by the general public, company employees, end customers, buyers and suppliers, and the government, for example. We will investigate the ways in which Mattel’s behaviors and actions contravened the tenets of “socially responsible” behavior.

Required Reading

Read the following excerpt related to CSR. As you read, consider the benefits realized by socially responsible organizations, and how the leadership at Mattel operated counter to CSR tenets:

Corporate social responsibility. (2013). International Institute for Sustainable Development. Retrieved from https://www.iisd.org/business/issues/sr.aspx

Assignment

In a well-written, 2- to 3-page paper, discuss how the Mattel case informs our understanding of what it means for companies to be “socially responsible.”

Keys to the Assignment

In the context of CSR, in what ways did Mattel demonstrate – not social responsibility – but social irresponsibility? Consider how the company’s actions may have run counter to the tenets of CSR through its neglect of duty to the company’s shareholders, its employees, and even the larger public trust. Be sure to cite specific examples.

What have been the long-term consequences of Mattel’s actions, and how did the company’s implosion change our view of what it means for a company to be “socially responsible”?

Be sure that you use at least two references from the library, and that you properly cite your sources.

Follow the guidelines in The Student Guide to Writing a High Quality Academic Paper

You are expected to demonstrate evidence of critical thinking – as defined in the Module 2 background materials and the grading rubric.

Trident ETH501 full course (discussions + cases & slps) - 2016
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