Role of Research and the Importance of the Searchable Clinical Question (graded)
The practice of nursing is deeply rooted in nursing knowledge, and nursing knowledge is generated and disseminated through reading, using, and creating nursing research. Professional nurses rely on research findings to inform their practice decisions; they use critical thinking to apply research directly to specific patient care situations. The research process allows nurses to ask and answer questions systematically that will ensure that decisions are based on sound science and rigorous inquiry. Nursing research helps nurses in a variety of settings answer questions about patient care, education, and administration.
As you contemplate your role in the research process, read the following article.
Kumar, S. (2015). Type 1 diabetes mellitus-common cases. Indian Journal of Endocrinology & Metabolism, 19, S76–S77. doi:10.4103/2230-8210.155409. The link to the website may be found in the Syllabus, or the Week 1 Assignments page.
Choose one case study, and formulate one searchable, clinical question in the PICO(T) format. There are several potential questions that could be asked. Identify whether the focus of your question is assessment, etiology, treatment, or prognosis. Remember to integrate references.
Week 2 discussion
Search for Literature and Levels of Evidence
Reflect on your practice, and identify a significant nursing clinical issue or change project that you would like to search for evidence in online sources. Formulate searchable, clinical questions in the PICO(T) format for your nursing clinical issue.
Next, review the guidelines for the PICOT/Evidence Appraisal Assignment due Week 3. Use your PICOT elements to search for one report of a single, original study that has been published within the last 5 years from the CCN Library that is relevant to your nursing clinical issue. Briefly describe how it is relevant to your nursing clinical issue. Remember to give a complete reference to the study.
Week 3 discussion
Research Problems, Designs, and Sample
This week, we will discuss the research design and sample for your nursing clinical issue. The research design flows from the research question and outlines the plan for the study that will answer the research question. The design identifies the major components of the study. It is important to remember that there is no one best design for a research study.
After you review the designs, describe which research design you would expect to find when searching for evidence relevant to your own research question. Why? Explain your answer.
The most common sampling method is the convenience sample; therefore, many of the studies that you find for evidence use this sampling method. What are the implications for using a convenience sample on the way you interpret and use the findings?
Week 4 discussion
Ethical and Legal Issues
Read one of the following.
Stefaniak, M., & Mazurkiewicz, B. (2017). The importance of adhering to high standards of research ethics. British Journal of Nursing, 26(1), 62. The link to the article may be found in the Syllabus, or the Week 4 Assignments page.
Feeney, S., & Freeman, N. K. (2016). Ethical issues: Responsibilities and dilemmas. YC: Young Children, 71(1), 86. The link to the article may be found in the Syllabus, or the Week 4 Assignments page.
Questions for the first article:
Describe one reason for adhering to high standards in ethics.
What are the dangers of conflict of interest?
Questions for the second article:
Describe the difference between ethical responsibility and ethical dilemma.
Share an experience of ethical dilemma or moral distress in nursing today.
Week 5 discussion
Data Collection and Measurement
Access the following information. You may read the PDF online or download it.
American Nurses Association. (2014). Fast facts: The nursing workforce 2014: Growth, salaries, education, demographics & trends. ANA. The link to the website may be found in the Syllabus, or the Week 5 Assignments page.
Review these facts, and describe what the results say about this sample of the nursing workforce. What do you believe was the intent of the researcher who designed the survey?
The next process for our study is to collect data. The research design will indicate the best data to be collected. The tools that we use to collect data need to be reliable and valid. Define these terms with respect to research, and explain why they are important.
Consider data collection and measurement methods for your nursing clinical issue. Explain how you would collect data and what measurement methods you would use.
Week 6 discussion
Data Results and Analysis
After the data are collected, it is time to analyze the results!
Discuss one of the four basic rules for understanding results in a research study.
Compare clinical significance and statistical significance. Which one is more meaningful when considering applying evidence to your practice?
Compare descriptive statistics and inferential statistics in research. Please give an example of each type that could be collected in a study that would be done on your nursing clinical issue you identified in previous weeks.
Week 7 discussion
Applying and Sharing Evidence to Practice
After the data have been analyzed, conclusions are made regarding what the findings mean. Then, this information must be shared with your healthcare team.
Choose one of the articles from the RRL assignment, and discuss the findings. Would you apply the evidence found to your practice? Explain your answer.
Translating research into practice is the final and most important step in the research process. Review information you found in your Week 3 Assignment, and explain ways in which you would share the research-based evidence with your peers.
Week 8 discussion
Where Do You Go From Here?
Improving patient outcomes is paramount to healthcare improvement today. How has your thinking changed about nursing research and evidence- based practice as the result of this course? Will the information you learned during this course be helpful in your nursing role today?