BCJ3150 all assignments - May 2018

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Dated: 13th May'18 03:32 PM
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Unit III Case Study

Using ONE of the case study examples on page 83 of your textbook, imagine that you are a probation officer and develop a presentence investigation report for either Defendant Green or Defendant Tuff. This report needs to incorporate the main components of a presentence investigation (PSI) report as found on page 89 of your textbook, and you can take creative liberties with the parts of the offender’s background that are not discussed in the case example. Instead of discussing determinate and indeterminate sentencing options, you will assume that you are in an indeterminate sentencing state, and you will make a recommendation to the judge for sentencing options based upon the offender’s profile, and he will be sentenced to probation. You will explain in paragraph form the standard and special conditions of probation that would be appropriate for the defendant that you choose, and why those conditions would be appropriate, and these will be the recommendations for the judge.

Upon completion of the presentence investigation report, discuss in paragraph form the risk/needs assessment that you would conduct on either Defendant Green or Defendant Tuff. Make sure to discuss dynamic and static factors for risk. Explain why you are identifying these factors as dynamic and static and why they need to be addressed for the defendant that you choose.

Finally, develop a case supervision plan for the defendant that you choose, and explain in paragraph form at least three things that you will address with the defendant in order of priority (i.e., the most important will be discussed first). These will be identified upon completion of your risk/needs assessment. Incorporate the principles of effective correctional intervention and potentially beneficial intervention strategies to use with your probation client.

In addition to using your textbook as a reference for this case study, you are also required to utilize at least one other acceptable reference. Your paper should be at least four pages long, not including the reference or title pages. Your developed presentence investigation report should comprise at least two full pages, with the remaining two sections of the paper comprising at least two full pages.

Please remember that all case studies need to be submitted in APA style with a title page and separate references page.

Please refer to the CSU Citation Guide for help with APA format.

Unit V Article Critique

Locate the following article in the ProQuest Criminal Justice database in the CSU online library.

Mulmat, D. H., & Burke, C. (2013). Addressing offender reentry: Lessons learned from Senate Bill 618 San Diego prisoner reentry program. Corrections Today, 75(4), 24-27. Retrieved from https:/libraryresources.columbiasouthern.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com.libraryresources.columbiasout hern.edu/docview/1437302146?accountid=33337

In order for the link above to function properly, you must first access the ProQuest Criminal Justice database within the CSU Online Library.

You may also access the resource by visiting the ProQuest Criminal Justice database and performing a search for the title and/or author.

Address the following directions and prompts in your analysis of the article:

1. Summarize the reasons why Senate Bill 618 was implemented in California, the program’s design, and why it was different from traditional prison programming.

2. How successful or unsuccessful was this program in reducing recidivism and helping offenders? Why was it successful or unsuccessful?

3. In what ways could this program have been modified to improve outcomes? What could have been added or improved upon in this program?

Paper content must be at least three full pages in length, excluding the title page and references page.

Papers must be in APA style with a correctly formatted title page and separate references page. Please refer to the CSU Citation Guide for help with APA format.

Unit 1 assessment

Question 1 The discretionary release of an offender, with conditions under which if the offender violates those conditions, he or she will be returned to incarceration is known as:

Question 2

Which of the following is a theory of how probation works based upon interviews with probation officers that provides some explanation as to how community supervision produces successful outcomes?

Question 3 Community-based punishments that offer graduated levels of supervision, rewards for compliance and positive behavior, and punishment such as higher levels of surveillance for negative behavior are known as:

Question 4 A concept centered on the victims of crimes and the restoration of the community by the perpetrators of crimes is known as:

Question 5The type of sentencing used where release dates were determined by the parole board, and parole boards determined who was ready for release and who was not, regardless of the type of crime for which they were incarcerated is:

Question 6 Explain the concept of restorative justice. Using this concept, develop what you feel would be an appropriate way to apply it to the following offender: Bob is what most people would consider a cat burglar. He has been caught breaking into a home while the owners were on vacation and attempting to shove a television out their back window. Once the police questioned Bob, he admitted to breaking into several other homes in the neighborhood within the past three months and selling the items that he stole at pawn shops. This neighborhood is mostly filled with retired, elderly individuals, and as a result of the recent break-ins, many of the residents have become fearful to leave their homes for any extended period of time and some have had security-alarm systems installed. As there have been no residential burglaries in this neighborhood in the past 15 years, and most of these residents have lived in this neighborhood for 30 or more years, this burglar really had the residents feeling uneasy.

Your response should be at least 200 words in length.

Question 7

Analyze what it means to reduce recidivism according to the varying definitions of recidivism. What types of variables need to be considered when determining whether or not a program or treatment reduces recidivism?

Your response should be at least 200 words in length.

Question 8

Analyze the cost of incarceration versus the costs of utilizing community corrections for offenders. What makes community corrections a more appealing option?

Your response should be at least 200 words in length.

Unit 2 assessment

Question 1 The 1830 case of Commonwealth v. Chase is an example of the use of ________, in which the defendant was allowed to be released based upon the defendant's promise that she would appear at future court dates.

Question 2 Under which of the following probation-supervision models would the offender would be treated for his criminal behavior by his probation officer, who would create a therapeutic relationship with the offender and assist him with behavior change?

Question 3 Individuals who have no criminal history, are young, have a problem with substance abuse, or have mental health issues may be eligible for __________ when they are arrested, which means if they successfully complete supervision their charge will not be entered onto their criminal record.

Question 4 Which of the following is a type of parole release into the community in which the offender's behavior in prison, participation in programs, and plan for release are evaluated by a parole board to determine if the offender has earned his release?

Question 5 Which of the following precursors to parole allowed an inmate to leave the prison prior to the expiration of his sentence in order to work and reside in the community, but it could be revoked if the inmate committed a new offense or otherwise violated the rules?

Question 6 Explain mandatory release, discretionary release, and expiration of sentence. Compare and contrast these types of release, and explain which form of release you agree with most. For example, do you believe that mandatory release should be used exclusively? Make sure to support your opinion.

Your response should be at least 200 words in length.

Question 7 Explain the four principles of the juvenile court system that distinguish it from the adult system. Explain how those principles are applied to juvenile probation.

Your response should be at least 200 words in length.

Question 8 Explain the medical model and justice model in parole, why the shift occurred from the medical model to the justice model, and how discretionary parole, mandatory release, and expiration of sentence fit into these models.

Your response should be at least 200 words in length.

Unit 3 assessment

Question 1 In a state that uses __________ sentencing, the probation officer completing the presentence investigation report needs to include a presumptive sentencing grid for the judge to review while making his or her sentencing decision.

Question 2 Reporting to see a probation officer, completing drug testing, maintaining employment, and notifying the probation officer of an address change are all examples of what type of probation conditions

Question 3 When probation and parole officers first begin meeting with an offender, they review, among many other things, the offender's criminal history, substance abuse history, education, employment history, peer group, and the attitude of the offender. Then they complete a __________ to determine what level of supervision and surveillance the offender needs while under supervision.

Question 4 An evidence-based therapeutic intervention used in community corrections by probation and parole officers that addresses offenders' thinking errors which contribute to poor decision making, criminal behavior, and the offenders' actions that have led them into involvement with the criminal justice system is:

Question 5 John Doe pleads guilty to driving under the influence of alcohol, and he is offered __________ because the presentence investigation report prepared by a probation officer shows that he has never been arrested for any other offense before and is a low risk to reoffend. If he successfully completes this form of supervision, the DUI conviction will not enter onto his criminal record.

Question 6 Explain the basic components of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and why it is used with offenders in community corrections. Using ONE of the case study profiles on pages 115-116 of your textbook, explain how cognitive-behavioral therapy would be useful in reducing EITHER Case A's or Case B's likelihood of recidivating or participating in further criminal behavior. Are there any aspects of Case A or Case B that you do not think could be addressed with cognitive-behavioral therapy? Do you think that CBT adequately addresses the case you chose? Make sure to support your opinion.

Your response should be at least 200 words in length.

Question 7 Pretend that you are the victim in the following scenario, and prepare a victim impact statement (VIS) incorporating all of the components that could be included in a VIS. Then explain which component you feel, as the hypothetical victim, is the most important component for the judge to take into consideration when making the sentencing decision for the perpetrator. Make sure to support your opinion.

On December 18th of last year, you were completing some holiday shopping in the evening at a shopping mall. The mall was crowded with holiday shoppers, and you had to park your vehicle farther away from the mall entrance than you would have liked. The area was not very well lit. As you were walking out of the mall with your arms full of packages and bags, near closing time, you noticed that there was only one other car parked near yours at the end of the lot. The hood was up, and it appeared that the man's car would not start, and he was attempting to work on it. When you neared your vehicle to place your packages in the car with the intent of then going to ask the man if he needed help, you were suddenly hit on the head from behind by that same man. He knocked you down, took your car keys and some of the bags, hopped in your car, and drove off before you could get up. He was later arrested for aggravated assault with a weapon (a baseball bat), vehicle theft, theft from person, battery, and carjacking. As part of a plea agreement, he is being sentenced in two months for aggravated assault with a weapon and vehicle theft.

Your response should be at least 200 words in length.

Question 8 Review the principles of effective correctional intervention as defined by Gendreau on page 105 of your textbook (Alarid, 2015). As explained by Alarid (2015), these principles are the basis for evidence-based practices, which are those interventions utilized with criminal justice clients that have been found through empirical testing to be effective in reducing recidivism rates with those clients. Do some online research, and identify a local anger management, domestic violence, or substance abuse counseling program in your area. Explain how that program addresses principles one through seven, and identify the principles, if any, that are missing in the program of your choice. Make sure to include a reference to the website that you review when developing this response.

Your response should be at least 200 words in length.

Unit 4 assessment

Question 1 The juvenile justice system was originally designed with the ideology that a juvenile cannot care for him or herself, and the state must act as a substitute parent for the juvenile. This concept is called __________.

Question 2 An act committed by a juvenile that, if committed by an adult, would not be considered a crime is called __________.

Question 3 Equivalent to a finding of guilt after trial in adult court, a juvenile being __________ results in the minor being found responsible for the criminal act.

Question 4 Which of the following types of juvenile probation is beneficial for probation officers who want to keep in close contact with their probationers, reduces misbehavior, and is also convenient for parents who have difficulty transporting their child to a traditional probation office?

Question 5 Following the ideology of restorative justice, which of the following types of juvenile courts are based in the community, and the juvenile is given a consequence for status offenses or minor delinquency by his or her peers?

Question 6 Explain the various methods of supervision and treatment intervention utilized in drug courts. What do you consider to be the most effective component of a drug court, and why? What do you consider to be the least effective component, and why? Remember to explain the reason for your opinion.

Your response should be at least 200 words in length.

Question 7 Describe the containment-supervision approach to working with sex offenders in the community, and analyze why each member of the containment team is beneficial in increasing public safety and helping the offender in his or her rehabilitation.

Your response should be at least 200 words in length.

Question 8 Describe the ways in which a juvenile's case can be moved to adult court for serious criminal offenses. Include an example for each of the methods that demonstrates your understanding of the rationale for each of the ways in which the juvenile's case is moved to adult court. Explain why the criminal justice system chooses to move some juveniles to adult court. Do you agree or disagree with this rationale? Remember to explain the reason for your opinion.

Your response should be at least 200 words in length.

Question 9 Explain why gang members pose a special challenge to probation and parole officers and the various ways in which probation and parole officers, along with law enforcement, supervise gang members in the community. Which method of supervision do you think is most effective in providing for community safety and helping the offender move away from the gang life, and why? Remember to explain the reason for your opinion.

Your response should be at least 200 words in length.

Unit 5 assessment

Question 1 Which of the following administrative bodies, which can either be controlled under the department of corrections in which another unit supervises the parolees, or be an agency separate unto itself reporting directly to the governor coordinating the supervision of the parolee, determines whether or not an individual is able to be released from incarceration?

Question 2 When a __________ occurs after the preliminary hearing, often the probation or parole officer will testify as to how the offender violated his or her supervision in order to prove by preponderance of the evidence that the offender willfully did not follow rules and conditions of supervision.

Question 3 Parole officers collaborate with community agencies and treatment providers to assist parolees in reintegrating into the community in the process of __________.

Question 4 Like a case supervision plan in probation, the __________ includes the goals that the parolee needs to works towards to be successful on parole, and also includes a summary of the offender's behavior while incarcerated and a description of any programs in which the offender participated. This helps the parole officer determine what needs the parolee will have while reintegrating into society.

Question 5 Rather than using the standard of beyond a reasonable doubt to prove that an offender violated his or her probation or parole, the court uses the standard of __________ which means that it is more convincing than not that an offender violated his or her terms and rules.

Question 6 Outline the collateral consequences for an offender of obtaining a felony conviction, and explain how probation and parole officers can assist offenders in overcoming some of these barriers.

Your response should be at least 200 words in length.

Question 7 Describe the two types of probation and parole violations. Explain how probation and parole officers utilize administrative sanctions before requesting a revocation of supervision. Provide an example of a situation in which a probation or parole officer could utilize an administrative sanction and the type of sanction that might be most appropriate.

Your response should be at least 200 words in length.

Question 8 Explain the legal rights that are afforded offenders in the revocation process, and what legal rights are limited. What is the burden of proof used in revocation proceedings, and why is this burden of proof used?

Your response should be at least 200 words in length.

Unit 6 assessment

Question 1 An offender on parole, intensive probation, or pretrial release may be sentenced to __________, in which he or she is required to maintain equipment used to monitor the offender's presence in his or her home.

Question 2 Which of the following community supervision strategies enable the criminal justice system to either enhance a probation sentence due to the seriousness of the offense or release an offender from prison into a more restrictive and supervised environment than he or she would be subject to just living on his or her own? They can also be used as a consequence for a probation or parole violation.

Question 3 Probation and parole officers can more intensely monitor offenders' compliance on GPS by tracking whether or not offenders are in __________, such as places of employment, drug treatment programs, or community restitution centers.

Question 4

A type of shock incarceration program, __________ combine a paramilitary environment with education and counseling programs in an attempt to shock first time or young offenders into not committing any more crimes.

Question 5 Which of the following is an alternative to incarceration in which offenders are allowed to serve their sentences within their homes and must request movement from a probation or parole officer for court approved treatment and employment?

Question 6 Imagine that you are developing a prerelease plan for John Doe, who will be eligible for parole in nine months. John is 22 years old and dropped out of high school when he was 16 (a junior) to care for his sick mother and go to work to help his family. John is in prison because he and his friends from the neighborhood participated in the armed robbery of a gas station. John's friend shot and seriously wounded the store clerk while John was outside, driving the vehicle they would use to get away. John's only other criminal conviction is for a misdemeanor retail theft; however, due to the seriousness of the offense, John was given two years in the department of corrections. As he is incarcerated in a state that allows good-time credit to be earned, John only has to serve 12 months of his sentence before being eligible for parole. Choosing from the intensive supervision programs discussed in this unit, which program would be most appropriate for John to participate in, and why? Please make sure to support your opinion.

Your response should be at least 200 words in length.

Question 7 Explain the pros and cons of house arrest. Based upon your explanation, do you feel that house arrest should continue to be used as an alternative to incarceration? Why, or why not? Please make sure to support your opinion.

Your response should be at least 200 words in length.

Question 8

Describe the program components of halfway houses. What aspects of programming are designed to be rehabilitative, and what aspects are designed to enhance community safety? What components of a halfway house can be both rehabilitative and enhance community safety, and why? Please make sure to support your opinion.

Your response should be at least 200 words in length.

Question 9

Explain the major criticisms of boot camp programs and their ineffectiveness in reducing recidivism. What can be done to improve the impact of boot camp programs, and why do those changes need to be made? Please make sure to support your opinion.

Your response should be at least 200 words in length.

Unit 7 assessment

Question 1 Analyze the effectiveness of the restorative-justice methods of victim-offender mediation, sentencing circles, conferencing, and reparation boards. Are some more effective than others? How are they more effective? What are the major criticisms and supports of restorative justice methods? Please remember to support your opinion.

Your response should be at least 200 words in length.

Question 2 Explain the concept of community service, the rationale for ordering community service, and how it fits into the concept of restorative justice. Analyze the pros and cons with ordering an offender to complete community service. Please remember to support your opinion.

Your response should be at least 200 words in length.

Question 3 Explain the concepts of fines, fees, and forfeiture. In what types of situations are each used? Who benefits from fines, fees, and forfeitures? Do these concepts fit in with the idea of restorative justice? Why, or why not? Please remember to support your opinion.

Your response should be at least 200 words in length.

Question 4 Compare and contrast conferencing and sentencing circles. What do each involve, how are they similar, and how are they different? What types of offender groups do you think would benefit most and least from each type of restorative justice process? Please remember to support your opinion.

Your response should be at least 200 words in length.

Question 5 Compare and contrast reintegrative shaming and stigmatization. Why is one considered a part of restorative justice, while the other is not? What benefits do you see to both reintegrative shaming and stigmatization, and why? What are the drawbacks to both, and why? Please remember to support your opinion.

Your response should be at least 200 words in length.

Unit 8 assessment

Question 1 Some states, after a certain time period has passed, allow an individual to petition to have his or her criminal record __________, which means that prospective employers would not be able to view his or her criminal record, and he or she would not have to admit to a potential employer that there is a criminal record.

Question 2 A probation or parole officer would be considered guilty of __________ if he or she were to willfully fail to do something that a reasonable person normally would do in similar circumstances, and he or she would be held responsible in a civil lawsuit for the results of that failure to act.

Question 3 The main goal of community corrections, __________, is achieved through placing offenders in effective rehabilitative treatment, appropriately monitoring them in the community to enhance community safety, and rebuilding the community by restoring the victims and offenders.

Question 4 As an individual's criminal history is considered a matter of public record, meaning that anyone can access certain information about it, sometimes in order to avoid stigmatization because of a conviction an individual has to request a __________, which is granted after expungement.

Question 5 Which of the following is a source of stress for probation and parole officers that develops because one part of the job involves monitoring conditions and reporting violations to the court or parole board, while the other involves assisting the offender in efforts at rehabilitation?

Question 6 Explain the three major ways in which an offender can be restored by having the stigmatization of a criminal conviction removed from his or her record. Compare and contrast the major characteristics of each process.

Your response should be at least 200 words in length.

Question 7 Discuss the ways in which probation and parole officers can be held civilly liable for their actions. Explain how types of immunity help to guard against a probation or parole officer being sued. What is the most important thing for parole or probation officers to do in order to avoid being held civilly liable for actions that they take in their official capacity, and why is it most important?

Your response should be at least 200 words in length.

Question 8 Explain the pros and cons associated with the use of private probation in the supervision of offenders. Do you feel that private probation or a government-run probation agency is better suited to supervise offenders? Why, or why not? Please remember to support your opinion.

Your response should be at least 200 words in length.

Question 9 Explain Klockars' typology of work styles and how they relate to the four main functions of probation and parole officers.

Your response should be at least 200 words in length.

BCJ3150 all assignments - may 2018
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